SmartHandle: A Novel Behavioral Biometric-based Authentication Scheme for Smart Lock Systems

Author (ESR): 
Sandeep Gupta (Universita Degli Studi Di Trento)
Sandeep Gupta
Attaullah Buriro
Bruno Crispo

Over recent years, smart locks have evolved as cyber-physical devices that can be operated by digital keypads, physiological biometrics sensors, smart-card readers, or mobile devices pairing, to secure door access. However, the underlying authentication schemes, i.e., knowledge-based (e.g., PIN/passwords), possession-based (e.g., smartphones, smart cards), or physiological biometric-based (e.g., fingerprint, face), utilized in smart locks, have shown several drawbacks. Studies have determined that these authentication schemes are vulnerable to various attacks as well as lack usability. This paper presents SmartHandle - a novel behavioral biometric-based transparent user authentication scheme for smart locks that exploits users’ hand-movement while they rotate the door handle to unlock the door. More specifically, our solution models the user’s hand-movement in 3-dimensional space by fetching the X, Y, and Z coordinates from 3 sensors, namely, accelerometer, magnetometer, and gyroscope corresponding to the hand-movement trajectory, to generate a user-identification signature. We validated our solution for a multi-class classification scenario and achieve a True Acceptance Rate (TAR) of 87.27% at the False Acceptance Rate (FAR) of 1.39% with the Linear Discriminant Classifier (LDC) on our collected dataset from 11 users. The solution can be easily deployed at the main entrance of homes and offices offering a secure and usable authentication scheme to their legitimate users.

3rd International Conference on Biometric Engineering and Applications (ICBEA 2019), Stockholm, Sweden
Wednesday, May 29, 2019